On her Connecticut farm, Tarbell worked from a mahogany desk in a sunny library. It has been called a "masterpiece of investigative journalism", by historian J. [65] She remembered the news of his assassination and her parents' reaction to it: her father coming home from his shop, her mother burying her "face in her apron, running into her room sobbing as if her heart would break. Mariller invited Tarbell to visit the Roland Country estate, Le Clos. [2][91] Her articles and the book would lead to the passage of the Hepburn Act in 1906 to oversee the railroads, the 1910 Mann-Elkins Act which gave the Interstate Commerce Commission power over oil rates, and the creation of the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) in 1914. There were a number of reasons why the magazine decided to publish a story on Standard Oil:[75] in particular, Tarbell's own first-hand experience with life in the Pennsylvania oil fields and the fact that Standard Oil was a trust represented by only one person, Rockefeller, and therefore might make the story easier to follow. [113] The goal of the women's committee was to mobilize the war efforts of American women and the first issue addressed was a developing food crisis. [97], Tarbell also wrote another biography, this one of Judge Elbert H. Gary, the chairman of U.S. Steel Corporation. Ida Minerva Tarbell. A relentless pursuit of all the facts and fairness in presenting them marked her writing throughout her career. In 2000, Tarbell was inducted posthumously into the National Women's Hall of Fame in Seneca Falls, New York. "[1] She wrote numerous books and works on Abraham Lincoln including ones that focused on his early life and career. In early 1902 she conducted numerous detailed interviews with Rogers at Standard Oil's headquarters. Town founder and neighbor Henry Rouse was drilling for oil when a flame hit natural gas coming from a pump. [57] Tarbell traveled abroad to Europe, discovering that a rumor that Lincoln had appealed to Queen Victoria to not recognize the Confederacy was, in fact, false. Though she did not accept his offer, in 1919 she was part of his Industrial Conference and President Harding's 1925 Unemployment Conference. Results from Ida Tarnbell. [121], Tarbell's final business biography was a profile of Owen D. Young, the president of General Electric and founder of Radio Corporation of America and then NBC. Randolph, Josephine D. "A Notable Pennsylvanian: Ida Minerva Tarbell, 1857–1944,", This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 14:37. The Tarbell household took the picnic so seriously that it had a special equipment of stout market baskets, tin cups and plates, steel 18 knives and forks, tin spoons, worn napkins (the paper ones were then unheard of). [95] The portrait Tarbell painted of Mussolini, comparing him to Napoleon, was flattering. Ray Stannard Baker was hired by the magazine to report on the Pullman Strike. [26] Tarbell began her career as headmistress at Poland Union Seminary in Poland, Ohio in August 1880. [10][56] Tarbell made use of Hubbard's extensive collection of Napoleon material and memorabilia as well as resources at the Library of Congress and the U.S. State Department. [3], The investigative techniques she developed while researching this volume influenced Steve Weinberg, one-time executive director of the non-profit Investigative Reporters and Editors, Inc., to base training programs for the NGO and classrooms using her methodology. [137] Her method was also scholarly and driven by the demands of magazine deadlines. [71] John Huston Finley quit his job as president of Knox College and became an editor for McClure's. [22] "Here I was suddenly on a ground which meant something to me. [106][97] Tarbell said of the book: "That title was like a red rag to many of my militant friends. [56] Tarbell said that her sketch of Napoleon turned her plans "topsy-turvy. Ida Tarbell House - The Ida Tarbell House is a historic house at 320 Valley Road in Easton, Connecticut. She began the biography with admiration for Roland but grew disillusioned as she researched and learned more. John D. Rockefeller . [111] The tour schedule was brutal. Tarbell believed that "the Truth and motivations of powerful human beings could be discovered." [9] Walter became an oilman like his father, while Sarah was an artist. [9] Tarbell would also sneak into the family worker's bunkhouse to read copies of the Police Gazette—a gruesome tabloid. [92] Roosevelt said of the muckrakers, "The man who never does anything else, who never thinks or speaks or writes save of his feats with the muckrake, speedily becomes, not a help to society, not an incitement to good, but one of the most potent forces of evil". [20], Tarbell began writing brief items for the magazine and then worked up to longer features as she established her writing style and voice. Franklin Tarbell participated against the South Improvement Company through marches and tipping over Standard Oil railroad tankers. Another break in the story came from within Standard Oil itself and proved that the company was still using illegal and shady practices. Besides rest and relaxation, her treatment included taking the water cure. [97], Tarbell had a number of setbacks in 1917. Tarbell, Ida M. (Ida Minerva), 1857-1944: Abraham Lincoln; an address delivered by Miss Ida Tarbell for the Students' lecture association of the University of Michigan, Friday evening, February the twelfth, 1909, in commemoration of the centennial anniversary of Lincoln's birth. [57][65] She followed up on a lost 1856 speech by Lincoln by tracking down Henry Clay Whitney—who claimed to have written down notes—and then confirming his notes via other witnesses. However, this book, Wealth Against Commonwealth, contained factual errors and appeared to be too accusatory in nature to garner popular acclaim. [103] She recommended that women embrace home life and the family, saying they had a "true role as wives, mothers, and homemakers". [97][95] [57], Tarbell's research in the backwoods of Kentucky and Illinois uncovered the true story of Lincoln's childhood and youth. [10], The tight writing schedules and frequent travel eventually impacted Tarbell's health. Like many others at that time, Tarbell was disturbed by the effect of rapid industrialization on workers Ida Tarbell, a leading muckraking journalist at the turn of the 20th century, spent a decade and a half writing for McClure’s magazine. After the magazine was sold in 1915, she hit the lecture circuit and worked as a freelance writer. Initially, Tarbell worked two weeks at the Meadville, Pennsylvania headquarters and worked two weeks at home. Tarbell was born in Erie County, Pennsylvania, the daughter of Pennsylvania Republicans. In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson offered Tarbell a government position. Franklin, Jr. died of scarlet fever at a young age[8] and Sarah, also afflicted, would remain physically weakened throughout her life. Women were emotional and ruled by their hearts. Ida Tarbell Moves To Paris Approx. [57], By December 1895, the popular series by Tarbell once again helped boost McClure's circulation to over 250,000[67][68] which climbed to over 300,000, by 1900,[67][69] making it higher than its rivals. [89][84], The first book-length investigation of Standard Oil had appeared in 1894 by newspaperman Henry Demarest Lloyd. Search DSpace. She repeatedly turned down requests to become involved in causes like birth control and woman suffrage. "[21] Tarbell was especially interested in the sciences, and she began comparing the landscape around her in Pennsylvania to what she was learning in school. As McClure's published more about social issues of the day, Tarbell began to write about the corruption and abuses of public and corporate power. [97] She visited more than fifty-five businesses for the article, "The Golden Rule of Business," to see how "scientific management and Christian values" worked together. [43], Tarbell set about making her career as a writer in Paris. Tarbell was to become known as an anchor in the office while the magazine built out its roster of investigative editors and authors. "[92] 5 in a 1999 list by New York University of the top 100 works of 20th-century American journalism. Tarbell and her friends enjoyed the art produced by Impressionists including Degas, Monet, Manet, and Van Gogh. [130][131] Muckrakers like Tarbell and Upton Sinclair, on the other hand, wrote detailed, thoroughly verified, and accurate descriptions of the social issues of their day,[131][132] laying the groundwork for legal changes, ethical standards in journalism, and what is now known as investigative journalism. Ida Minerva Tarbell (November 5, 1857 – January 6, 1944) was an American teacher, author and journalist. [32][4] McClure had heard that the Century Magazine, McClure's rival, was working on a series of articles about Bonaparte. [92] After Tarbell bought her farm in 1906, her household expanded to include a number of family members. All the radical element, and I numbered many friends among them, were begging me to join their movements. Despite the fact that she thought she was the second coming of Ida Tarbell and Martha Gellhorn rolled into one I tolerated her. Tarbell also wrote several biographies over the course of her career which spanned 64 years. Tarbell also traveled to all then 48 states on the lecture circuit and spoke on subjects including the evils of war, world peace, American politics, trusts, tariffs, labor practices, and women's issues. Read the HTM, PDF versions of The Business of Being a Woman free-of-charge on youscribe.com Ida Tarbell (November 5, 1857–January 6, 1944) was a critic of corporate power and muckraking journalist. Online shopping for Books from a great selection of Crafts & Hobbies, Pets & Animal Care, Home Improvement & Design, Antiques & Collectibles & more at everyday low prices. My main research interest has been the American muckraking journalist Ida Tarbell, whose work in the early 1900s exposed the unethical business practices of John D. Rockefeller and led to the breakup of the Standard Oil Co. She was about the most famous woman in America for a while as a result. "[96], Tarbell wrote a series of essential articles at The American Magazine, in which she investigated tariffs and their impact on American businesses and consumers. [95] She was working on another book, Life After Eighty, when she died of pneumonia at Bridgeport Hospital in Bridgeport, Connecticut on January 6, 1944. She returned to Pasteur again to find out his views on the future. Tarbell grew up in Pennsylvania oil towns, witnessing first-hand the corrupt practices of large corporations. Tarbell was allowed to keep her appointment nonetheless and observe the response at the U.S. Army Headquarters. She was the only woman in her class. The book was published as a series of articles in McClure's Magazine from 1902 to 1904. McClure felt that Tarbell should use the same biographical sketch format she used for Napoleon. He feared they would destroy the magazine and that she would lose her job. The Ida M. Tarbell Collection of Lincolniana; Correspondence, research materials, writings, etc. Join Facebook to connect with Ida Tarbell and others you may know. Standard Oil had attempted to destroy all available copies of the book, but Tarbell was finally able to locate one copy in the New York Public Library.[82]. Let the stories live on. She exposed the corruption of big businesses, especially those that violated trust laws. "[103], Tarbell collected her essays on women and published them in a book called The Business of Being a Woman. [46], Instead of taking up the editor position at McClure's, Tarbell began writing freelance articles for the magazine. Franklin Tarbell was away in Iowa building a family homestead when Ida was born. Many nationwide lecture tours won Steffens recognition. In her later years, she enjoyed time on her Connecticut farm. "[64], The series was another McClure's story meant to compete against a Century Magazine series which had been written by Lincoln's private secretaries, John Nicolay and John Hay. [126] Historian Doris Kearns Goodwin, in her book The Bully Pulpit, would call Tarbell's series on Standard Oil, "a landmark series that would affirm her reputation as the leading investigative journalist of her day". Op zoek naar artikelen van Ida M Tarbell? In 1999, when NYU's Department of Journalism ranked important works of journalism from the 20th century, Ida Tarbell's work on Standard Oil made fifth place. Ida M. Tarbell, ca. She graduated in 1880 with a degree in science, but she didn't work as a teacher or a scientist. [57] The articles were collected in a book, giving Tarbell a national reputation as a major writer and the leading authority on the slain president. Online shopping from a great selection at Books Store. She was writing a series on military affairs, and in 1898 she was set to interview Nelson A. With no money, he walked across the states of Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio to return,[7] and supported himself along the way by teaching in rural schools. With Ida Tarbell and others Steffens cofounded The American Magazine in 1906. Search DSpace. She tracked down leads and then confirmed their sources. [46], Tarbell had published articles with the syndicate run by publisher Samuel McClure, and McClure had read a Tarbell article called The Paving of the Streets of Paris by Monsieur Alphand, which described how the French carried out large public works. She appeared on a U.S. postage stamp in September 2002 in a four-part collection honoring women in journalism. [3] The work would contribute to the dissolution of the Standard Oil monopoly and helped usher in the Hepburn Act of 1906, the Mann-Elkins Act, the creation of the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and the Clayton Antitrust Act. [47][48] She wrote of Roland, "This woman had been one of the steadiest influences to violence, willing, even eager, to use this terrible revolutionary force, so bewildering and terrifying to me, to accomplish her ends, childishly believing herself and her friends strong enough to control it when they needed it no longer. Ida Minerva Tarbell (November 5, 1857 - January 6, 1944) was an American author and journalist, known as one of the leading muckrakers. Born in November 5th 1857, Ida was the first child of Franklin Summer and Ann McCulloch Tarbell. [30][31], Tarbell left school wanting to contribute to society but unsure of how to do it, she became a teacher. [97] She wrote: "twenty million women did vote and should vote. [8] Her family was Methodist and attended church twice a week. [92] The term muckraker came from John Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress describing a Man with a Muckrake forever clearing muck from the floor. Indeed, she invented a new form of journalism. [9] Esther Tarbell supported women's rights and entertained women such as Mary Livermore and Frances E. Peacemakers—blessed and otherwise; observations, reflections and irritations at an international conference. Join Facebook to connect with Ida Tarbell and others you may know. Ida Tarbell. She moved to New York to take up the role, and as well as her salary, she received shares in the company. Tarbell published the article "Making a Man of Herself" in American magazine in 1912, which infuriated her readers and activists. Men were ruled by their heads. Now I was convinced that in the long run the public they were trying to stir would weary of vituperation, that if you were to secure permanent results the mind must be convinced. Muckraking Decline. [71] She was paid $5,000 a year and given shares in the company, which made her a part-owner. [84] Rogers had begun his career during the American Civil War in western Pennsylvania oil regions where Tarbell had grown up. In 1944 she died of pneumonia in a hospital near her farm. "[73] McClure's sent Stephen Crane to cover Cuba during the War. [141] Tarbell's technique in researching corporations through government documents, lawsuits, and interviews managed to break through a secretive corporation and evasive CEO. The group encouraged women to plant vegetable gardens and promoted both drying and canning of foods. The History of the Standard Oil Company (Unexpurgated Edition) (Halcyon Classics) [10], Tarbell continued to write profiles for McClure in the late 1890s. Everett E. Dennis, Executive Director of the Freedom Forum Media Studies Center at Columbia University stated in 1993 that Tarbell helped invent modern journalism. [7] Tarbell had three younger siblings: Walter, Franklin, Jr., and Sarah. "[74] Having recently published a series on crime in America and were looking for another big topic to cover, Tarbell and the other editors at McClure's decided to look into the growth of trusts: steel and sugar were both considered[75] before they settled on oil. Daddy decided to pursue a career in the oil region, so he moved us to a shanty along Cherry Run in Rouseville. Tarbell traveled to Europe and met with S. S. McClure to get his buy-in for the idea. [144], Charles Klein's political play, The Lion and the Mouse (1905), opened soon after Tarbell's series on Standard Oil had been published in McClure's Magazine, and the plot was thought to be based on her campaign. [120], In addition to serving as the President of the Pen and Brush Club for 30 years beginning in 1913, Tarbell was also a member of the Colony Club and the Cosmopolitan Club. Phillips became president. she exposed rockafeller, Wrote 1 of the greatest journalism investigative stories of all time was hired by McClure to write for his magazine. She decided to go to Paris where she studied at the Sorbonne and University of Paris. Born: on November 05, 1857 in Hatch Hollow, Amity Township, Pennsylvania, USA Died: on … Affordable Ida Tarbell was an accomplished and prominent woman in America between 1870 and 1912. [1] Born in Pennsylvania at the onset of the oil boom, Tarbell is best known for her 1904 book The History of the Standard Oil Company. [46] Subsequently, a July 1892 newspaper announced that Tarbell's hometown of Titusville had been completely destroyed by flood and fire. "[25] One of Tarbell's professors, Jeremiah Tingley, allowed her to use the college's microscope for study and Tarbell used it to study the Common Mudpuppy, a foot-long amphibian that used both gills and a lung and thought to be a missing link. Ida Minerva Tarbell (November 5, 1857 – January 6, 1944) was an American teacher, author and journalist.She was one of the leading "muckrakers" of the progressive era of the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is thought to have pioneered investigative journalism.She is best known for her 1904 book, The History of the Standard Oil Company, which was listed as No. "[88] It would contribute to the dissolution of Standard Oil as a monopoly and lead to the Clayton Antitrust Act. She continued writing and traveled to Italy where she wrote about the "fearful despot" just rising in power, Benito Mussolini. [5][7] Franklin had to abandon the Iowan house and return to Pennsylvania. People Nostalgia The History of the Standard Oil Company is a book written by journalist Ida Tarbell in 1904. [9][8] In another incident, three women died in a kitchen explosion. She attended Allegheny College to prepare for a teaching career. [24] Tarbell had an interest in evolutionary biology—at her childhood home she spent many hours with a microscope—and said of her interest in science, "The quest for the truth had been born in me... the most essential of man's quests. She was one of the leading muckrakers of the Progressive Era of the late 19th and early 20th centuries and pioneered investigative journalism. Ida Tarbell was the lone woman to enter Allegheny in the fall of 1876. [70] Tarbell published five books about Lincoln and traveled on the lecture circuit, recounting her discoveries to large audiences. [101] Tarbell was put off by women such as Mary Livermore and Frances Willard who she said never paid attention to her. Tarbell is named after the pioneering investigative journalist and lecturer Ida Minerva Tarbell. She is most famous for contributing to the dissolution of the Standard Oil company, the biggest monopoly of her time. [97] She wrote articles about the disarmament conference for McClure's syndicate and published them later in the book, Peacemakers—Blessed and Otherwise. Ida Minerva Tarbell (November 5, 1857 – January 6, 1944) was an American writer, investigative journalist, biographer and lecturer. The documentation and oral interviews she gathered proved Standard Oil had used strong-arm tactics and manipulated competitors, railroad companies and others to reach its corporate goals. TARBELL, IDA MINERVA. Ida Tarbell Movements Ida Tarbell's goal was to criticize the Oil Industry's brutal system (she was against big, controlling businesses) in America because she saw the monopolies/power it held and fraud it created but also the selfish, profit-obsessed Robber Barron that John D. [43] She learned from French historians how to present evidence in a clear, compelling style. In many ways, Ida Tarbell exemplified the dilemma of many women at the turn of the century. Join Facebook to connect with Ida Tarbell and others you may know. 1905-1945 - Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Harris & Ewing Collection by Andy Piascik Muckraking journalism emerged at the end of the 19th century largely in response to the excesses of the Gilded Age, and Ida Tarbell … After her exposé on Standard Oil and character study of John D. Rockefeller, she wrote biographies on businessmen Elbert Henry Gary, chairman of U.S. Steel, as well as Owen D. Young, president of General Electric. [95][120], Tarbell completed a series of articles on Benito Mussolini for McCall's magazine in the 1920s. [117] Tarbell also participated in President Warren G. Harding's 1921 Unemployment Conference,[4] the conference suggested by Herbert Hoover to address a recession. "[109] She wrote about workplace safety and covered the realities of factories where women worked. 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